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# Spring

Vikings and Anglo Saxons

The theme of invasion and settlement can be seen throughout the history curriculum. Direct links can be made to the Roman invasion, initial Saxon invasion and later the Battle of Hastings which brought this period of history to an end. ‘Romans, Anglo-Saxons and Vikings' is the longest British period in the primary history curriculum, lasting a thousand years – a millennium. It is also the most formative period in British history, when the country experienced several waves of invasion, including the last invasion to have been successful, in 1066. It both begins and ends with an invasion: the first Roman invasion in 55 BC and the Norman invasion of William the Conqueror in 1066. Add ‘in between were the Anglo-Saxons and then the Vikings'.

We will answer some of these questions:

• Were there any major differences between the Anglo-Saxon and Viking invaders?
• How are we to interpret the surviving primary sources?

English

We will be using Beowulf to start with this term. We will be exploring narrative poetry, adventure stories, information texts and other things on the way to learning all of the Year 5 grammar.

We will be learning and securing the use of:

• Relative clauses
• Passive and active voice
• Subjunctive form
• Subordination and subordinate clauses
• Colons
• Semi colons
• All previously taught grammar in KS1 and KS2

Maths

We are continuing our way through the Year 5 curriculum but in particular we are trying to become fluent with these methods.

### Addition and Subtraction in Year 5 Maths

In Year 5, the national curriculum says that children will learn to:

• add and subtract whole numbers with more than 4 digits, including using formal written methods (columnar addition and subtraction)
• add and subtract numbers mentally with increasingly large numbers
• use rounding to check answers to calculations and determine, in the context of a problem, levels of accuracy
• solve addition and subtraction multi-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why.

### Multiplication and Division in Year 5 Maths

In Year 5, the national curriculum says that children will learn to:

• identify multiples and factors, including finding all factor pairs of a number, and common factors of two numbers
• know and use the vocabulary of prime numbers, prime factors and composite (nonprime) numbers
• establish whether a number up to 100 is prime and recall prime numbers up to 19
• multiply numbers up to 4 digits by a one- or two-digit number using a formal written method, including long multiplication for two-digit numbers
• multiply and divide numbers mentally drawing upon known facts
• divide numbers up to 4 digits by a one-digit number using the formal written method of short division and interpret remainders appropriately for the context
• multiply and divide whole numbers and those involving decimals by 10, 100 and 1000
• recognise and use square numbers and cube numbers, and the notation for squared and cubed
• solve problems involving multiplication and division including using their knowledge of factors and common multiples, squares and cubes
• solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and a combination of these, including understanding the meaning of the equals sign
• solve problems involving multiplication and division, including scaling by simple fractions and problems involving simple rates.

### Fractions, Decimals and Percentages in Year 5 Maths

In Year 5, the national curriculum says that children will learn to:

• compare and order fractions whose denominators are all multiples of the same number
• identify, name and write equivalent fractions of a given fraction, represented visually, including tenths and hundredths
• recognise mixed numbers and improper fractions and convert from one form to the other and write mathematical statements > 1 as a mixed number
• add and subtract fractions with the same denominator and denominators that are multiples of the same number
• multiply proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers, supported by materials and diagrams
• read and write decimal numbers as fractions
• recognise and use thousandths and relate them to tenths, hundredths and decimal equivalents
• round decimals with two decimal places to the nearest whole number and to one decimal place
• read, write, order and compare numbers with up to three decimal places
• solve problems involving number up to three decimal places
• recognise the per cent symbol (%) and understand that per cent relates to ‘number of parts per hundred’, and write percentages as a fraction with denominator 100, and as a decimal
• solve problems which require knowing percentage and decimal equivalents of ‘half’,’one quarter’, ‘one fifth’, ‘two fifths’, ‘four fifths’ and those fractions with a denominator of a multiple of 10 or 25.

## Tips on finding percentages

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